Adolescentes jóvenes (12 a 14 años)

Although parents are still important, teenagers become more independent and focus on their own interests and personality. Adolescents make decisions based on their relationship with school, studies, sports, and friends. This stage also brings challenges such as family problems, depression, and eating disorders. Teenagers may also face pressure from friends who engage in drug, tobacco, and alcohol use, as well as other changes that could be a concern for them. Girls experience the arrival of menstruation, breast growth, and the appearance of pubic hair. Boys, on the other hand, experience a deeper voice, facial hair growth, and the appearance of pubic hair. The beginning of puberty is marked by hormonal, social, emotional, and physical changes.

Estos son algunos aspectos del desarrollo de los adolescentes jóvenes:Output: Estos son algunos elementos del crecimiento de los jóvenes adolescentes.

Emotional and Social Changes

Los niños a esta edad podrían:Output: Los niños en este rango de edad podrían:

  • Paying more attention to their physical appearance, the way they look, and the clothes they wear.
  • Focus on oneself; go through periods of high expectations and lack of confidence.
  • Tener más cambios de humor.Output: Experimentar variaciones de ánimo con mayor frecuencia.
  • Show interest and be more influenced by peers of the same age.
  • Showing less affection towards parents; they may sometimes appear rude or ill-tempered.
  • Feeling stressed due to the more demanding school work.
  • Addressing food-related issues.
  • Depression or sadness can greatly impact their school performance and affect their relationships, as well as their consumption of drugs and alcohol, without any sexual problems or protection.
  • Reasoning and Learning

    Los niños a esta edad:Output: Los pequeños a esta etapa:

  • They make more complex reasoning.
  • They express their feelings better.
  • Desarrollan una noción más clara de lo correcto y lo incorrecto.Output: They develop a clearer understanding of what is right and wrong.
  • Tips for Positive Parenting

    These are some things that you, as a parent, can do to assist your child during this stage:
  • When talking to your child, be direct and honest about delicate topics such as sexual relationships, smoking, alcohol, and drugs.
  • Meet your child’s friends.
  • Show interest in your child’s school activities.
  • Help him make healthy decisions and, at the same time, encourage him to make his own decisions.
  • Respete las opiniones de su hijo, y tenga en cuenta sus ideas y sentimientos. Es importante que sepa que usted lo escucha.
  • When conflicts arise, it is clear how his son proposes to achieve his goals, such as where he will go to clean and study, and when, as well as maintaining clean things and showing respect for his goals and expectations, such as obtaining good grades.
  • La protección de los hijos es la máxima prioridad

    Your child, regardless of their age, plays a significant role in safety. To assist in safeguarding your child, here are a few suggestions.

  • Make sure your child knows the importance of using a seat belt. The main cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 12 and 14 is car accidents.
  • Common are the injuries caused by sports and other activities; or to play contact sports, an off-road vehicle or sled, while riding a motorcycle; on roller skates, a skateboard or a bicycle, using your child to cheer on.
  • Talk to your child about the danger of drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, and unprotected sexual contact. Ask them what they know and think about these topics, and share your ideas and feelings with them. Listen to what they have to say and respond to their questions honestly and directly.
  • Positive activities may interest those who value the importance of having friends to talk to about their child. Encourage them to make safe decisions by avoiding dangerous pairs that may pressure them.
  • Your child is somewhere and there will be adults present in that place. You should call him when, find out where he can be, and return home to wait for him at what time.
  • You can perform household chores, school tasks, and manage your relationships such as sex, drugs, fires, emergencies, and dangerous situations, bringing them up as topics to discuss with your friends. Set clear rules for when your child is alone at home.
  • Healthy Bodies

  • Encourage your teenage child to engage in physical activity. They can participate in an individual sport or join a team. Household chores such as mowing the lawn, walking the dog, and washing the car also serve to keep them active. Motivate them.
  • The dialogue among family members allows for a healthy weight and promotes the consumption of foods that help teenagers make better decisions about what to eat. The mealtime is very important for families.
  • Whether it is after-school care centers, school, or home, it is important to ensure that appropriate programs are in place to restrict the amount of time your child spends in front of screens to a maximum of 1 or 2 hours per day.
  • Every 24 hours, teenagers aged 13 to 18: from 8 to 10 hours. Make sure that your child sleeps the recommended amount every night.