El país más pequeño del mundo

(Without explanation) (Well, it also does not have a prison). It does not have rivers or a coastline. Therefore, everything is small in size, it only has a surface area of 0.49 square kilometers. That’s how small it is, a landlocked micro-state in which the lake of Central Park in New York City (United States) could fit inside. The smallest country in the world is Vatican City.

One of its distinct characteristics, aside from being the tiniest nation globally, is that it is the sole state in the world situated within a city (Rome) in a country (Italy). The Vatican City became a sovereign country on February 11, 1929, after the signing of the Lateran Treaty by Pope Pius XI and the Prime Minister of Italy, Benito Mussolini. This treaty bestowed the Vatican City with the status of a state. In return, the Pope recognized the Kingdom of Italy as an independent country.

The apostle Peter is buried on top of it, the epicenter of the Christian world. It has its own train station. It doesn’t lack details, even though the government is a tax-free government that obtains money from selling travel memories or stamps, museum tickets. It has its own anthem and flag and issues license plates and passports, prints its own stamps. The state of this city is currently governed by the president of the Governatorate, Fernando Alzaga Vérgez.

The smallest country in the world, iStock.

In a sanctuary where the past of the church and the Roman Empire intertwine, resides a thriving society with its own practices and heritage. Apart from the popular destinations of the Vatican Museums (established by Pope Julius II during the 16th century), the Sistine Chapel (constructed between 1475 and 1481 under the patronage of Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere), and St. Peter’s Basilica (also commissioned by Pope Julius II despite the existence of another basilica built by Constantine in 319).

Both for tourists and pilgrims, Vatican City houses some of the most significant cultural and historical landmarks in the world and remains a popular destination, despite its small size.

Many important political and religious events have taken place within the walls of their respective locations, and the Vatican City, the headquarters of the Catholic Church, has been the site for centuries. Originally founded by Pope Stephen II in the year 756 AD, it sought refuge for the Lombards.

Essential for anyone interested in the history and culture of Western civilization is a visit to the Vatican City, whether you are a believer or not.