On the 7th of August 1958, Alberto Lleras, the president of Colombia, retired voluntarily, delivering power to the Military Junta government. He had previously served as a member of the junta and as the commander of the Police Forces in Venezuela. During a official visit to Santiago, Chile, as a delegate of Colombia, he represented the Military’s Forces as the General Inspector, commander of an operative unit, and Chief of Staff of the third brigade. He also held important positions such as the commander of the Nariño Tumaco infantry battalion, the military mayor of Pradera, Valle, the military mayor of Tarapacá, and the official infantry commander of the 8th Pichincha battalion. It is worth noting his remarkable performance during the battle of Güepí on May 16, 1933, where he was wounded while serving with Peru.

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This biography was taken from the Great Encyclopedia of Colombia from the Círculo de Lectores, volume of biographies.

Paris Gordillo, Gabriel

Promoted to the rank of major in 1941 and certified as a staff officer at the Superior War School, he graduated. In 1943, he was commander of Group No. 1 Páez. In 1946, he was assigned to attend the Staff College course at Fort Leavenworth (United States) and promoted to lieutenant colonel. Additionally, he served as a professor at the Superior War School and as head of the Remount and Veterinary Service. Subsequently, in 1949, he became commander of Group No. 2 Rondón and in 1950, he became Chief of Staff of the second brigade based in Barranquilla. Later, he served as commander of that same brigade and of the fourth brigade based in Medellín. On February 28, 1953, he was promoted to brigadier general and appointed Army Commander. Likewise, on June 27 of the same year, he was appointed alternate representative of Colombia to the disarmament commission of the UN Security Council, with the rank of extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador. On February 9, 1954, he was appointed Minister of Justice and on August 7 of the same year, Minister of War. He also temporarily served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. General París married his cousin María Felisa Quevedo París on September 28, 1936, when he was a captain; their home had four children: Gabriel, Jaime, Gloria, and Ligia.

The most important problems that the Board had to address were related to the management of external debt and the stabilization of coffee prices, with the aim of finding an economic solution for export diversification. Rubén Arango Piedrahita, a rear admiral in the Navy, along with three other members, Deogracias Espinosa Fonseca, Rafael Castillo Navas, and Luis Ordóñez E. Del Ejército, were part of the Board, which took office on May 10, 1957. They were tasked with presiding over the Military Junta, as Gustavo Pinilla Rojas, the General who had traveled to Paris at the age of 47, was to replace him in the Presidency of the Republic. Gustavo Pinilla Rojas, who had been in charge of the Presidency in his absence between August 1955 and July 30, 1957, was promoted to the rank of Major General on February 29 and traveled to Ecuador during his absence from the Presidency.

12 years ago, his spouse Mery Quevedo passed away, bringing sorrow to his existence, but he also experienced the delight of witnessing his four offspring mature in the pleasant climate of the farm ‘El Recreo’, situated in the El Topacio de Flandes village. His farmland is cultivated with sorghum, peanuts, and corn, but he recollects that they used to be filled with hundreds of Zebu cattle. Gabriel París retired from active duty and devoted himself to his personal life. On August 7th, the Military Junta transferred power. Dr. Alberto Lleras Camargo was elected as the President of the Republic in the widely supported elections held on May 4th, 1958. Lieutenant Colonel Hernando Forero Gómez, the leader of the Military Police Battalion, spearheaded an unsuccessful coup attempt on May 2nd, 1957, resulting in the imprisonment of four members of the Military Junta, including Alberto Lleras Camargo. However, Rear Admiral Piedrahita, who was not apprehended, assumed control of the situation as the interim President of the Republic. The Military Junta established political equality in public positions and mandated a two-thirds majority vote in Congress for constitutional reforms. On December 1st, they convened a plebiscite to formalize political rotation for the subsequent 16 years, which was known as the National Front and accommodated the two traditional parties. The Military Junta organized a cabinet.

The General (R) is highly regarded and acknowledged, both within the military community and among the general populace.

Información www.Presidencia.Gov.Co.

Castillo, Luis Ernesto Ordoñez

The Republic’s general, along with Artillery School, Berbeo Group No. 6, Palacé Artillery Group No. 3, Tenerife Coastal Battery, Gaitán Artillery Group No. 5, Maza Cavalry Group No. 5, and Cavalry School, reached the age of 42.

He was appointed as the Colombian ambassador to Panama during the government of President Julio César Turbay Ayala. He voluntarily retired from active service on August 7, 1958. He served as a member of the Military Government Board, head of the Colombian Intelligence Service (SIC), delegate to the 25th General Police Assembly in Rome, military attaché to the governments of Great Britain, Belgium, and the Netherlands with residence in London, head of the Military House of the Palace, commander of the Armored and Motorized School, commander of Artillery Group No. 3 Palacé, military mayor of Moniquirá (Boyacá), military mayor of Salamina (Caldas), and director of the Health School.

Pardo Navas, Rafael

From 1970 to 1961, he served as the ambassador of Japan to Colombia, and in 1958, he retired from active service. He was a member of the Military Junta Government and a commander in the Army. He held various important positions, including commander of the brigade of the Military Institutes, commander of the brigade of Engineers Center, commander of the battalion of Caldas-1 Engineers, commander of the Motorization and Armored School, chief of the Police Division, commander of the battalion of Codazzi engineers, mayor of Santander, mayor of Barichara, and more. He also served in various military schools and battalions, such as the battalion in Bogotá and the Armored Weapons School. He married Elvira Figari, with whom he had three children. He graduated as a sub-lieutenant in 1933 and later entered the Military Cadets School. He initially graduated as a non-commissioned officer from the Sub-Officers School and studied at La Salle Institute and the college in Bogotá. He was a member of the Military Junta Government that replaced General Rafael Pardo Navas on August 7, 1958, and General Gustavo Pinilla Rojas on May 10, 1957. He was a statesman and military man from Madrid, Cundinamarca, born on February 2, 1908, and died on May 14, 1990.

Colonel Luis Alfonso Plazas Vega.

This biography was taken from the Great Encyclopedia of Colombia from the Circle of Readers, biography volume.

Arango Piedrahita, Rubén