The presiding officer elected by the members of the U.S. House is known as the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
The Speaker earns a higher wage than other members of Congress, making $223,500 annually..
The present speaker is Kevin McCarthy, a Republican who represents the Congressional District 20 of California.
The establishment of the office took place in 1789 as per Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution of the United States.
The Constitution of the United States, Article I Section 2:.
The House of Representatives shall select their Speaker and other Officers…
The position has never been chosen by any non-member, but the Constitution does not mandate that the speaker be a elected member of Congress.
When Congress convenes for the first time, the Speaker nominates a candidate from each major party caucus or conference. Customarily, the Speaker elects members by calling for a roll call vote. Any member can vote for any person, regardless of whether they have been nominated, but usually, members from their own caucus or conference vote for the candidate.
In order to be elected, a candidate must receive an absolute majority of the votes cast, which means they can be elected if they receive more votes than any other candidate. Members of the House can choose to vote “present” instead of casting a vote for a candidate if they are absent or if there are vacancies in the House.
Click the hyperlinks provided below to access further information regarding the latest Speaker elections:
The Speaker fulfills various roles, including:.
The Speaker also designates:.
The Speaker of the House, who is also a member of the Select Committee on Intelligence, serves ex officio on the committee. The Speaker occasionally votes or debates, but typically only does so. The Speaker makes many important decisions and rulings in the House. The Speaker recognizes Members to make motions or speak on the House Floor.