Acción de Gracias 2022 | Significado En Estados Unidos

Thanksgiving in Plymouth

The Pilgrims, a group of religious separatists from England, departed from Plymouth in September 1620 on a small boat called the Mayflower, with 102 passengers. They were attracted to the promise of property and prosperity in the New World, where they could freely practice their faith and establish a new home. After a treacherous and uncomfortable journey that lasted 66 days, they dropped anchor near the tip of Cape Cod, far north of their intended destination at the mouth of the Hudson River.

The remaining colonists, who received an amazing visit from the Native American Abenaki, relocated to the land where they were greeted in English. Only half of Mayflower’s original crew and passengers lived to see their first spring in New England. During that brutal first winter, the majority of the colonists remained on board the ship, suffering from outbreaks of contagious diseases and scurvy exposure.

The Native Americans and European settlers found harmony in one of the few examples that would last for over 50 years. The settlers were assisted by Squanto, a member of the Pawtuxet tribe, who had been kidnapped and sold into slavery before escaping and returning to his homeland on an exploratory expedition. Squanto taught the pilgrims how to cultivate corn, extract sap from maple trees, fish in rivers, and avoid poisonous plants. Additionally, he returned with another Native American after several days, who also aided the settlers in forging an alliance with the Wampanoag.

The first Thanksgiving Day, which is now remembered as the “first Thanksgiving of the United States,” happened on the first day of Thanksgiving in the chronicles written by Winslow Edward Pilgrim. Although we know a lot about what happened during those days, the festival lasted for three days and the term “Thanksgiving Day” may have been used by the pilgrims themselves. Governor William Bradford organized a celebration feast and invited a group of Native American allies from the incipient colony. The successful feast took place in November 1621, after the Pilgrims had their first corn harvest. Chief Massasoit Wampanoag was included in the group of Native American allies invited to the celebration feast organized by Governor Bradford.

“Llegada nuestra mies, nuestro gobernador envió a cuatro hombres a cazar, para que, de una manera especial, pudiéramos regocijarnos juntos después de haber recogido los frutos de nuestro trabajo; cuatro en un día mataron tantas aves, como con un poco de ayuda al lado, sirvieron a la Compañía casi una semana, tiempo en el cual, entre otras recreaciones, ejercitamos nuestras armas, muchos de los indios vinieron entre nosotros, y entre el resto su mayor el rey Massasoit, con unos noventa hombres, a quienes agasajamos y festejamos durante tres días, y salieron y mataron cinco ciervos, que llevaron a la plantación y se lo entregaron a nuestro gobernador, al capitán y a otros. Y aunque no siempre sea tan abundante, como lo fue en este momento con nosotros, sin embargo, por la bondad de Dios, estamos tan lejos de la necesidad, que a menudo les deseamos participantes de nuestra abundancia “.

accion de gracias

The modern-day celebrations of desserts, which have become a hallmark, did not include pies, cakes, or other desserts because the Pilgrims did not have an oven and the sugar supply from the Mayflower had decreased in the autumn of 1621. Historians have suggested that many of the dishes were likely prepared with spices and traditional cooking methods of Native Americans.

Thanksgiving Day becomes a national holiday

In 1623, the settlers commemorated their second Thanksgiving event to signify the conclusion of a prolonged dry spell that had endangered the harvest of the year and prompted Governor Bradford to request a religious period of abstinence. Yearly or sporadic periods of abstinence and gratitude also became a prevalent custom in other New England colonies.

During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress designated one or more days of thanksgiving per year, and in 1789 George Washington issued the first Thanksgiving proclamation of the national government of the United States; in it, he urged Americans to express their gratitude for the successful conclusion of the country’s war of independence and the successful ratification of the United States Constitution. His successors, John Adams and James Madison, also designated days of gratitude during their presidencies.

The United States remained largely unfamiliar with tradition, but it celebrated it in a different way each year; New York became the first state to officially adopt the annual holiday of Thanksgiving in 1817.

“Mary Had a Little Lamb” is a children’s song written by Josepha Sarah Hale, a prolific writer and editor, and the publisher of a prominent magazine. In 1827, she launched a campaign to establish Thanksgiving Day as a national holiday, earning her the nickname “Mother of Thanksgiving.” Politicians, presidents, senators, governors, and numerous editorials published letters for 36 years to support her campaign.

The fourth Thursday of November was Thanksgiving Day according to a reluctantly signed bill by the president in 1941, after Roosevelt’s plan, known as Franksgiving, was met with passionate opposition. In an attempt to stimulate retail sales during the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday up a week in 1939, and it was celebrated on that day every year until then. He scheduled Thanksgiving Day for the last Thursday of November in 1863, at the height of the Civil War, in a proclamation calling on all Americans to pray to God to “commend to his tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife” and to “heal the wounds of the nation.” Abraham Lincoln finally granted his request.

accion de gracias

Traditions and Rituals of Thanksgiving

In 1621, when the Pilgrims organized the inaugural feast, Turkey may or may not have been on offer, a Thanksgiving staple so ubiquitous that it has become synonymous with the holiday. Now, in many American households, the celebration of Thanksgiving focuses on cooking and sharing a plentiful meal with family and friends, and has lost much of its original religious significance.

The less fortunate often organize campaigns and community food drives to provide free meals and collect donations. Volunteering is an activity that is commonly associated with Thanksgiving Day. Traditional foods include pumpkin pie, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, and stuffing. According to the National Turkey Federation, almost 90 percent of Americans eat roasted or baked turkey on Thanksgiving, despite the fact that it can also be fried.

The Thanksgiving Day parade in New York City, which has been turned into a festive event in cities and towns across the United States, has also been presented by Macy’s department stores since 1924. The parade, which is the most famous and largest in New York City, attracts 2 million spectators and a huge television audience as it stretches along its 2.5-mile route. It usually features elaborate floats that transport animated character balloons, celebrities, and various artists, as well as bands playing music.