Celebración del Día del Niño y de la Niña en México

The Universal Day of the Child, which was declared by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly on November 20, 1959, aims to create awareness about the rights of children and promote their integral and full development as happy human beings. Despite this, each country has decided to celebrate a day dedicated to children, without the need for international coordination. Mexico, under the presidency of Álvaro Obregón, designated April 30 as Children’s Day in 1924.

The Universal Day of the Child is a way to remind citizens that children are the most vulnerable collective, who suffer more from the world’s problems and crises, and it is a day to raise awareness among people about the importance of development and well-being in their daily work, and to give children the opportunity to know their rights and the rights of childhood equally.

José Vasconcelos expressed the importance of creating “palaces with soul” in every school, where underprivileged children could experience cherished moments and create lasting memories. In 1924, as the Secretary of Public Education, during the presidency of Álvaro Obregón, Vasconcelos encouraged all institutions to foster compassion and empathy towards this population, while also working towards their welfare and rights through various activities.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)[4] emphasizes that the development of children from six to thirteen years of age relies on combining physical and intellectual abilities, interacting with peers, and establishing a sense of identity and self-worth.

The 8 fundamental rights of children can be mentioned on another side, essentially in the Convention on the Rights of the Child and in the General Law on the Rights of Girls, Boys and Adolescents (published on December 4, 2014), in international treaties and in other applicable laws, are mentioned in the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States regarding the legal framework, the Human Rights of girls, boys, and adolescents.

  • Right to life;.
  • Derecho a la educación;.Output: Right to education;.
  • Right to food;
  • Right to health;
  • Right to water;
  • Right to identity;
  • Right to freedom; and.
  • Derecho a la protección.Output: Right to protection.
  • [6] November 20th is an opportunity for them to raise their voices in the name of those who cannot do so. The private sector, NGOs, governments, and international institutions all need protection and will see a direct impact on the millions of children whose growth and access to basic needs such as food and water are affected by their work. The current global pandemic, caused by the COVD-19 health crisis, has invaded the entire world, revealing not only the gaps in vital areas such as education but also the importance of fields such as sanitation.