Explaining how extra time, penalty kicks work in soccer ahead of 2022 World Cup

If the teams are still tied, we will go for penalty kicks, and there will be an additional 15-minute period. We are currently in the first period, and the final update of the World Cup is that we have reached the end of extra time.

We are still tied if both teams have scored many goals, it doesn’t matter how many minutes have passed, as long as we have at least 30 minutes left, there won’t be any “Golden Goal”. Croatia and Japan are going into the first extra time period, tied 1-1, in the 30th minute of the World Cup 2022: Update as of December 5th.

The FIFA World Cup 2022 arrives in Qatar, where the opening round of the competition consists of matches played by each team in three groups, with eight countries evenly divided into each group. After the group stage, the teams advance into the knockout round, where matches are single-elimination and the final winner is determined eventually. On Sunday, November 20th, Ecuador faces the host nation Qatar in one of the matches.

In the case of two teams facing a tie score at the conclusion of regulation, there are additional rules in place to determine which team advances further into the tournament. These rules include a penalty shootout and extra time.

The victor is decided by participating in two complete periods of 15 minutes between the squads if two squads are still equal by the end of the game. At this stage of the contest, the squads that are still in contention in the World Cup must triumph or be eliminated. Additional time only becomes relevant once the elimination round begins in the competition.

If both teams are still level after extra time, the winner will be decided by a penalty shoot-out. Both teams must play two additional 15-minute periods in extra time to determine the victor. The team that scores the first goal in a “sudden death” situation, which can be seen as a “Golden Goal” in this case, will win the match.

The team that will take the first kick is determined by a second coin toss, and the referee decides which goal the kicks will be taken at by flipping a coin. The goalkeeper aims to prevent the attempt while the attacking player tries to score a goal. In this scenario, there is only one attacker facing the goalkeeper, and the objective is straightforward. Penalty kicks, which are taken from a spot 12 yards away from the goal, are attempted by the teams during a penalty shootout.

The penalty shootout comes to an immediate conclusion, irrespective of the number of remaining kicks, if one team has scored more goals than the other team could potentially achieve with all of its remaining kicks. In essence, it is a “best-of-five” kicks situation to ascertain the victor, with each team taking turns to kick from the penalty spot.

The team that scores the most goals at the end of the shootout will be the winner. If both teams have scored an equal number of goals, additional rounds of kicks will be used, until one team misses and the other team scores.