Sandra Torres gana las elecciones de Guatemala, con la sorpresiva irrupción del socialdemócrata Bernardo Arévalo de León

Bernardo Arévalo de León, a social democrat from the Semilla party, has garnered 577,224 votes (12.2 percent) and emerged as the second most popular candidate. In third position, and significantly trailing behind Arévalo de León, is Manuel Conde from the ruling party Vamos, who has received 369,524 votes (7.8 percent).

The major losers of the electoral day have been Zury Ríos, candidate of the Unionista Valor coalition, in third place, and Edmond Mulet, candidate of CABAL, in second place. The polls indicated that the CABAL candidate, Edmond Mulet, would come in second place, and the Unionista Valor coalition candidate, Zury Ríos, would come in third place, but these expectations have not been met in this way.

August 20th will mark the second round, and we are pleasantly surprised to see that the trend that pushes us forward is confirmed. We never believed the surveys because they contrasted with what we saw, but we didn’t know if they were reliable. We didn’t know the extent of the support the population gave us in the streets and on social media, but we knew it was significant. Thanks to the unexpected support received by the candidate, everything has changed.

We have the confidence to continue with the electoral runoff, seeing that the Guatemalan people are manifesting against the established political system. The objective is to remove the country’s corruption swamp, as highlighted in declarations to El MUNDO. The government of Guatemala has promised to make the foundation of the second phase of the election in order to achieve the assumption of power, and this gesture has been recognized as a committed act of trust.

“If elected president of Guatemala, I will assume all efforts to eliminate child labor, which affects 1 million children,” he asserted as his final commitment. The citizens have expressed their denunciation of the “suffocating embrace of corruption” and their “rejection of the political system” through their votes, acknowledging that it will be a “long and complex task, but one that must be started.” The reason why “they have been hijacked by this” is because the institutions do not respond, which is why tackling corruption is deemed a priority, even though it is emphasized that “all development deficits” must be addressed in front of the population. León de Arévalo has estimated that it is “urgent” to respond to them, on the other hand.

Respectively, Alejandro Giammattei and Jimmy Morales (FCN-Nation) were defeated by her in the second round after advancing to the second round, disrupting the pattern of the previous elections in 2015 and 2019. The UNE contender aspires to become Guatemala’s first female president as she envisions herself as the victor in both the initial and final rounds. Despite this, she firmly believes that “regardless of who they nominate, we will emerge triumphant.” In response to a query about whether she anticipated facing the Semilla candidate in the second round, she stated that “the selection of adversaries is not within my control, but rather determined by the populace.”

“Distrust” arises from the fact that the counting process has been “too sluggish,” as stated in her complaint, resulting in the population’s right to promptly know the results within two or three hours being compromised. Despite this, she mentioned not having the opportunity to celebrate yet, as she highlighted the slow vote counting process, which further fuels the “distrust,” given that the population “has the right to know the results in two or three hours.” On the flip side, she acknowledged feeling “joyful” about the results that position her as the frontrunner, thanks to her “precise and well-grounded” proposals. However, she underlined her determination to “transform the system and eradicate all forms of corruption” if elected as the leader of Guatemala.

The preliminary results will be “finalized” by this Monday at 12:00 hours (20:00 hours in Spain), as announced by the president of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, Irma Elizabeth Palencia, in this regard. She argued that the system is “working well,” although “counting is still ongoing in some areas.”

The General Comptroller’s Office has announced that it will investigate 28 reports of proselytizing activities towards people allegedly transporting officials in vehicles for electoral purposes using public resources. Despite this, the TSE has stated that there has been no pronouncement on the use of public resources and the alleged purchase of votes in these elections. The only candidate, Sandra Torres, has been accused of denouncing the use of public resources and the purchase of votes.

The municipality where the elections have been suspended until further notice has seen several people being detained and the necessary intervention from the Police and Army, who have launched tear gas. In addition, the mayor has threatened to burn candidates from other localities who were brought in by force, and has even threatened to pour gasoline on them. On Saturday, during the electoral day, the members of the Volunteer Boards of Vote Receivers were forced to get off several buses by the residents, after they had been sprayed with gasoline. This violent incident in San José del Golfo, similar to what happened in the Gulf of Mexico, has caused concern.

Another violent incident occurred in the municipality of San Martín Zapotitlán, a southern country, where dissatisfied residents and the police clashed after a political party’s supporters accused the transportation of voters. This led to the arrest of a dozen people, who also burned ballot papers.

The Guatemalan Constitution states that on January 14th, the Executive for the period of 2024 to 2028 will be formed, considering that on August 20th, a second round between Torres and Arévalo de León will be held to decide who will preside, as no candidate has obtained 50 percent plus one of the votes in the first round, as has historically happened.

The first data will be offered by TSE at 18.00 hours after closing, However, according to TSE, it will not provide the final data until 12.00 hours in this press conference, Guatemala’s elections have exceeded a 59 percent participation rate.

Municipal Corporations 340 and Central American Parliament 20, Congress’s 160 representatives along with their vice president and president, were chosen by 9.3 million Guatemalan citizens, where the voting booths were opened at 07.00 hours.

In order to guarantee openness and safety in these elections, 120 monitors from the European Union, Norway, and Canada, along with 91 from the Organization of American States from 20 nations, were present. Simultaneously, 42,000 law enforcement officers and more than 25,000 armed forces members were deployed to protect the polling stations and ensure that Guatemalans could exercise their voting rights in a secure and tranquil setting, particularly in the 20 municipalities identified as high-risk.

These operations have also been carried out to verify that individuals were not carrying firearms in the vicinity or polling centers. The Dry Law will be in effect from June 24th until this Monday at 06:00 hours, which implies that the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages are prohibited.

SUPUESTO SOBORNO A UNA MAGISTRADA DEL TSE

Alfaro intentó dejar dinero en la Embajada de Estados Unidos en un intento por obtener la confianza total y cercana del presidente actual del país, Miguel Martínez, una persona muy cercana y de confianza del partido oficialista Honor del Tribunal presidente actual y del Gobierno de Centro. Según un reportaje publicado por el diario estadounidense The New York Times, Alfaro acudió a la Embajada de Estados Unidos con 50.000 quetzales guatemaltecos (euros) para denunciar un soborno que involucraba al extitular del Tribunal Supremo Electoral (TSE), la magistrada Blanca Martínez, antes de que se celebraran las elecciones.

The magistrate and the remaining members of the TSE plenary have been accepting bribes from Giammattei since the previous year’s end. In addition, the Salvadoran newspaper, Faro, uncovered that the encounter between Alfaro and US officials took place at the Guatemalan Embassy in the US on March 22, 2022.

Martínez pidió que no nos dejemos sorprender ni influenciar por eso, ya que consideró que el reportaje que se publicará es “algo malicioso que buscan hacer para desestabilizar las elecciones”, aunque Alfaro ya ha negado que ese encuentro haya tenido lugar.

SANDRA TORRES: DE LA CÁRCEL A GANAR LAS ELECCIONES

Sandra Torres, the ex-first lady of Guatemala, who divorced the late Álvaro Colom’s government between 2008 and 2012, is the first lady in the politics of Guatemala. She is not a new figure in Guatemalan politics, as she is 67 years old and the winning candidate.

Leading this Central American country after attempting for the third time to hold the power that her husband once had, who was accused in a corruption case in the Transurbano passenger service for which he was temporarily incarcerated, could make her the first female in Torres.

Alejandro Giammattei and Jimmy Morales, in the 2019 and 2015 elections, emerged victorious over her, following her advancement to the second round. Furthermore, in 2011, there was an unsuccessful initial endeavor due to the Constitution, which forbids family members of the president from seeking the highest position in the nation.

During the 2015 electoral campaign, the Ministry of Public accused the Special Prosecutor’s Office against Impunity in Guatemala of not documenting the 3.4 million euros (27.7 million quetzales) that was accused. Specifically, within the framework of an investigation by the Special Prosecutor’s Office, Torres was detained under a judicial order, but she was not accused. After losing against the current president, Alejandro Giammattei, in the 2019 elections, Torres, who always remains at the doors of the Presidency, is given the confidence of many people who prefer to give their trust to another candidate before her, following what is known as the ‘anti-vote’ in Guatemala.

In their homes, people provide the labor, in accordance with which they will be provided with sheets and construction materials, in order to implement their ‘minimum roof’ policy. Also, each mother is granted 700 quetzales per month, “on the condition that they send their children to school and to the health center.” Torres was able to run for election again, currently ranking first thanks to his populist promises. There were sufficient grounds for her to face trial, but a judge released her of all charges on November 29, 2022. After paying a bail of 800,000 quetzales (100,000 euros), she regained her freedom in January 2020 after spending several months in preventive detention.

In order to put an end to the insecurity that causes around 4,000 violent deaths every year, Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele has already committed to implementing similar measures as in Torres, by installing 20,000 high-resolution cameras in the capital city that allow for the facial recognition of criminals and militarizing the prisons, as well as removing the army to the streets, under the motto of “transformation and order”. Another battle of the candidates is to win the vote of the population.

“No matarás claramente dice que mandamiento quinto el, concepción su desde vida la defiende que dado aborto al tajantemente se opone también, Dios de “temerosa como define se quien Torres. Sexo mismo del personas entre matrimonio al así oponiéndose hijos” procreando mujer y hombre un entre unidad la es posible familia única la que defiende candidata la Así. Socialdemócrata como definía se elecciones pasadas las en partido su de derecha la hacia giro un supone ello mercado de economía libre y familia pro vida, pro y familia, vida evangélico pastor un era ahora hasta quien Guerra, Romeo de Guatemala de Vicepresidencia la a candidato como acompañada va Torres católica ser a pesar.”Output: “The fifth commandment clearly states ‘thou shalt not kill,’ and Torres, who defines herself as God-fearing, vehemently opposes abortion, defending life from its conception. She also opposes same-sex marriage, believing that the unique and possible unity of a family is created through procreation between a man and a woman, with the purpose of having children. Despite being a Catholic, Torres is accompanied by Romeo Guerra, an evangelical pastor who was previously defined as a social democrat but has now taken a rightward shift in his party, advocating for a free market economy and a pro-life and pro-family stance.

BERNARDO ARÉVALO DE LEÓN: DIPLOMÁTICO ADMIRADOR DE KEYNES

During the years 1995 and 1994, Bernardo León de Arévalo also held the position of deputy vice minister of Foreign Relations in the Carpio León de Ramiro Government. He was also the ambassador of this country in Spain between 1996 and 1995, and he is the son of José Juan Arévalo, the former president of Guatemala (1945-1951), born in Montevideo, Uruguay. Bernardo León de Arévalo, a current deputy and writer, sociologist, diplomat, and political activist from the Semilla Movimiento in Guatemala, is an unpredictable and unlikely candidate for the second position in the 2020 elections.

After several corruption investigations led by Ivan Velázquez, the head of the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), Morales decided to expel him as the chief of the commission, which led to protests and the resignation of Lucrecia Mack Hernandez, a member of the Semilla party, after her appointment as a deputy. Following her incorporation as a deputy, Lucrecia Mack Hernandez resigned as the Minister of Health in Guatemala.

Eleven judges, prosecutors, and lawyers who also departed the country to evade the accusations of the Prosecutor’s Office trailed behind her. A group of thirty judges, prosecutors, and lawyers who also fled the country to avoid facing the accusations of the Prosecutor’s Office followed in her footsteps. In the United States, Aldana sought refuge from the judicial persecution of the current head of the Prosecutor’s Office, Consuelo Porras, who has issued multiple arrest warrants against her for alleged instances of corruption. Subsequently, Aldana sought refuge in the United States to escape from the judicial persecution of the current head of the Prosecutor’s Office, Consuelo Porras, who has issued several arrest warrants against her for alleged cases of corruption. Ultimately, the former Attorney General Thelma Aldana rejected the notion of being allowed to pursue the Presidency of Guatemala after her registration was denied by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal. Despite Alejandro Giammattei winning the general elections of 2019, Arévalo de León had already been a presidential pre-candidate for Semilla.

Samuel Pérez took over from Arévalo de León as the general secretary of Semilla within his party. In the Congress, he was chosen as a deputy through the National List, after withdrawing his bid for the Presidency. Movimiento Semilla managed to secure only five out of the 160 deputies, which is an inadequate number to pass any of their proposals or bring about any modifications within the ruling party’s bloc.

Carlos Juan Don served as a counselor minister, and later as a consul and first secretary, at the Embassy of Israel in Guatemala between 1988 and 1984, in a diplomatic career mode. However, his career has not been primarily political. After presenting his credentials in 1995, he also served as an ambassador to Guatemala in Spain for a year.

“El admirador fiel de John Maynard Keynes reconoce que los estados pueden intervenir para apoyar el desarrollo de manera equitativa y distribuir beneficios a toda la población a través de un mecanismo diseñado por él. León de Arévalo también ha trabajado como asesor en el Instituto de Paz de los Estados Unidos y en las Naciones Unidas.”